Baghels Dental World

baghel's Dental World

“Exploring the rich history of ancient Indian Dentistry”

old civilizations dentist india

Early Indian Oral Care

The history of dentistry in ancient India dates back to the Indus Valley Civilization, around 2500 BC. The people of this civilization had a sophisticated understanding of oral care and used crude tools such as sharpened flint or reed to treat cavities. They also used natural remedies, such as neem twigs, to clean their teeth and maintain oral hygiene.

Ayurvedic Dentistry

dental medicines found in charak samhita

In ancient India, Ayurveda, the traditional Indian system of medicine, played a significant role in the development of dentistry. Ayurvedic texts dating back to 600 BC, such as the Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita, contain detailed descriptions of oral health, dental diseases, and treatments. These texts also describe various surgical techniques for treating oral diseases and the use of herbal remedies for pain relief and infection control.

Ayurvedic dentists, known as “Dantakaras,” were responsible for providing oral care to their communities. They used a variety of natural remedies such as clove oil, licorice root, and turmeric to treat toothaches and oral diseases. They also believed in the importance of maintaining oral hygiene through regular cleaning of the teeth and gums.

ayurvedic book mentioning dentistry

Traditional Indian Dentistry

In addition to Ayurvedic dentistry, traditional Indian dentistry also developed independently. The Sowrashtraka system, for example, used metal and animal teeth to create dentures. The traditional Indian system also recognized the importance of oral hygiene and the use of natural remedies to treat oral diseases.

just for fun animal teeth in human denture
just for fun


Ancient India had a rich history of dentistry, with a sophisticated understanding of oral care and various systems of traditional medicine such as Ayurveda and Sowrashtraka, playing a significant role in the development of dentistry. They used a variety of crude tools, natural remedies, and surgical techniques to treat tooth decay and gum disease. Oral hygiene and the use of natural remedies were also fundamental principles in ancient Indian dentistry.

ayurvedic dental medicines used
ayurvedic medicines in dentistry

Despite the limited technology and resources available, ancient Indian dentists were able to make significant strides in the field, laying the foundation for modern dentistry. With the continued advancements in technology, materials, and techniques, it is expected that the field of dentistry will continue to evolve and improve in the future.

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